In 1850s, the prefabrication in building materials and steel construction made more open architecture and lighter spaces. The use of fewer structural elements in construction building.
The Crystal Palace, designed by Joseph Paxton for the great exhibition of 1851 in London, had one the most open and expensive interior materials of its time. A very similar approach was to women`s wear, designers developed an armatures of metal hoops to support the wide dome-shaped skirts of 1850s.
Also this period marks the emergence of the sewing machine and mad made the mass production possible in the garment industry.